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How To Trade Forex For Beginners

The Foreign Exchange market (also referred to as the Forex or FX market) is the largest financial market in the world, with over $1.5 trillion changing hands every day.

That is larger than all US equity and Treasury markets combined!

Unlike other financial markets that operate at a centralized location (i.e., stock exchange), the worldwide Forex market has no central location. It is a global electronic network of banks, financial institutions, and individual traders, all involved in buying and selling national currencies. Another major feature of the Forex market is that it operates 24 hours a day, corresponding to the opening and closing of financial centers in countries worldwide, starting each day in Sydney, then Tokyo, London, and New York. At any time, there are buyers and sellers in any location, making the Forex market the most liquid market in the world.

Traditionally, access to the Forex market has been made available only to banks and other large financial institutions. With advances in technology over the years, however, the Forex market is now available to everybody, from banks to money managers to individual traders trading retail accounts. The time to get involved in this exciting global market has never been better than now. Open an account and become an active player in the largest market on the planet.

The Forex Market is very different from trading currencies on the futures market and is easier than trading stocks or commodities.

Whether you are aware of it or not, you already play a role in the Forex market. The simple fact that you have money in your pocket makes you an investor in currency, particularly in the US Dollar. By holding US Dollars, you have elected not to hold the currencies of other nations. Your purchases of stocks, bonds, or other investments, along with money deposited in your bank account, represent investments that rely heavily on the integrity of the value of their denominated currency, ¨the US Dollar. Due to the US dollar’s changing value and the resulting fluctuations in exchange rates, your investments may change in value, affecting your overall financial status. With this in mind, it should be no surprise that many investors have taken advantage of the fluctuation in Exchange Rates, using the volatility of the Foreign Exchange market as a way to increase their capital.

Example: suppose you had $1000 and bought Euros when the exchange rate was 1.50 Euros to the dollar. You would then have 1500 Euros. If the value of Euros against the US dollar increased, then you would sell (exchange) your Euros for dollars and have more dollars than you started with.

Example:

You might see the following:

EUR/USD last trade 1.5000 means
One Euro is worth $1.50 US dollars.

The first currency (in this example, the EURO) is the base currency, and the second (/USD) is the counter or quote currency.

The FOREX plays a vital role in the world economy. There will always be a tremendous need to exchange currencies—international trade increases as technology and communication increase. As long as there is international trade, there will be a FOREX market. The FX market has to exist so a country like Germany can sell products in the United States and receive Euros in exchange for US dollars.

RISK WARNING:

Risks of currency trading

Margined currency trading is a hazardous investment and is only suitable for individuals and institutions capable of handling the potential losses it entails. An account with a broker allows you to trade foreign currencies on a highly leveraged basis (up to about 400 times your account equity). You may completely lose the funds in an account trading at maximum leverage if the position(s) held in the account experiences even one percent swing in value. Given the possibility of losing one’s entire investment, speculation in the foreign exchange market should only be conducted with risk capital funds that, if lost, will not significantly affect the investor’s financial well-being.

Start Trading The Forex Market

Why is FOREX trading so popular? Because you can trade from anywhere. From your kitchen table, bedroom, garage, or from the nearest Starbucks coffeehouse ( most of them have a wireless Internet connection).

If you have or like to travel, take your laptop with you, and you can trade FOREX anywhere in the world where you have an Internet connection.

When you want to start trading in the Forex Market, nobody asks you for a diploma, a formal license, or proof of how many hours you have spent studying the Foreign Exchange Market and/or Banking Industry.

FOREX Trading is Economical, and Start-up Costs are Low!
You can open an account to trade Forex with as little as US$ 200 at most brokerage firms.
I personally recommend Fenix Capital Management, LLC, which offers a state of art Trading platform that allows you to place orders directly by clicking on the chart.

The Main Benefits of Trading the FX Spot Market are:

YOU don’t pay commissions or fees!
YOU can trade 24-hours a day!
YOU can trade up to 400:1 Leverage!
YOU can have FREE Streaming executable Price quotes and live charts!

It is important to know the differences between cash FOREX (SPOT FX) and currency futures.

In currency futures, the contract size is predetermined.

With FOREX (SPOT FX), you may trade electronically any desired amount, up to USD 10 Million.

The futures market closes at the end of the business day (similar to the stock market). If important data is released overseas while the U.S. futures markets are closed, the next day’s opening might sustain large gaps with potential for large losses if the direction of the move is against your position.

The Spot FOREX market runs continuously on a 24-hour basis from 7:00 am New Zealand time Monday morning to 5:00 pm New York Time Friday evening.

Dealers in every major FX trading center (Sydney, Tokyo, Hong Kong/Singapore, London, Geneva, and New York/Toronto) ensure a smooth transaction as liquidity migrates from one-time zone to the next.

Furthermore, currency futures trade in non-USD denominated currency amounts only, whereas, in spot FOREX, an investor can trade in almost any currency denomination or the more conventionally quoted USD amounts.

Even during Regular IMM (International Money Market) hours, the currency futures pit suffers from sporadic lulls in liquidity and constant price gaps.

The spot FOREX market offers constant liquidity and market depth much more consistently than Futures.

With IMM futures, one is limited in the currency pairs he can trade. Most currency futures are traded only versus the USD.

With spot FOREX, you may trade foreign currencies vs. USD or each other on a ‘cross’ basis, such as EUR/JPY, GBP/JPY, CHF/JPY, EUR/GBP, and AUD/NZD.

More and more well-informed investor and entrepreneurs are diversifying their traditional investments like stocks, bonds & commodities with foreign currency because of the following reasons: (will be continued)

RISK WARNING:

Risks of currency trading: Margined currency trading is a hazardous investment and is only suitable for individuals and institutions capable of handling the potential losses it entails. An account with a broker allows you to trade foreign currencies on a highly leveraged basis (up to about 400 times your account equity). You may completely lose the funds in an account trading at maximum leverage if the position(s) held in the account experiences even a one percent swing in value, given the possibility of losing one’s entire investment. Speculation in the foreign exchange market should only be conducted with risk capital funds that, if lost, will not significantly affect the investor’s financial well-being.

10 REASONS TO START TRADING FOREX!

More and more well-informed investor and entrepreneurs are diversifying their traditional investments like stocks, bonds & commodities with foreign currency because of the following reasons

1) FOREX is the largest financial market in the world.

With a daily trading volume of over $1.5 trillion, the spot FOREX market can absorb trading sizes that dwarf the capacity of any other market. In fact, when compared with the $50 billion daily markets for equities or the $30 billion futures market, it becomes quickly apparent this gives you, and millions of other FOREX traders, almost infinite trading liquidity and flexibility.

2) FOREX is a True 24-hour market.

The FOREX Market never sleeps. Trading positions can be entered and exited at any moment around the globe, around the clock, 5.5 days a week. There is no waiting for an opening bell as in the case of trading stocks. It is a 24- hour, continuous electronic (ONLINE) currency exchange that never closes. This is very desirable for you if you want to trade on a part-time basis because you can choose when you want to trade: morning, noon, or night.

3) There is never a Bear Market in FOREX.

You can have access to a seamless exchange of currencies. Currencies trade in “pairs” (for example, US dollar vs. JPY (YEN) or US dollar vs. CHF (Swiss franc), one side of every currency pair (for example, USD/CHF) is constantly moving about the other. Thus, when you buy a particular currency, you are actually simultaneously selling the other currency in that particular pair. As the market moves, one of the currencies will increase in value versus the other. Of course, it is up to you to choose the correct currency to be long ( you bought) or short( you sold).

4) High Leverage – up to 400:1 Leverage.

You are permitted to trade foreign currencies on a highly leveraged basis – up to 400 times your investment with Fenix Capital Management, LLC and some other brokers.

Standard 100,000- US$ you can trade currency lots with as little as 0.25% margin, or $250.

Mini FX accounts are permitted to trade with just a 0.25% margin, meaning just $25 allows you to control a 10,000-unit currency position.

Futures traders, who are accustomed to margin requirements generally equal to 5-7%-8% of the contract value, will immediately recognize that the FOREX market provides much greater leverage. For stock traders, who must post at least 50% margin, there’s no comparison if you’re looking for efficient trading, trade the Forex Market.

5) Price Movements might be Highly Predictable.

Currency prices in the FX market generally repeat themselves in relatively predictable cycles, creating trends. The strong trends that foreign currencies develop are a significant advantage for traders who use the “technical” methods and strategies.

Unlike stocks, currencies tend to develop strong trends. Over 80% of the volume is speculative in nature, and, as a result, the market frequently overshoots and then corrects itself. As a technically-trained trader, you can easily identify new trends and breakouts to enter and exit positions.

6) YOU don’t pay commissions or fees to trade FOREX

When you trade FOREX through Fenix Capital Management LLC (FCM), you can do it totally FREE of commissions and fees, regardless of your account size.

Fenix Capital Management LLC requires a meager minimum amount to open a brokerage account, only US$ 200, and they do not charge commissions or fees to trade or to maintain an account, regardless of your account balance or trading volume.

7) YOU don’t have to pay trading fees or exchange fees.

There are none of the usual fees, which futures and equity traders are accustomed to paying:

NO exchange or clearing fees,
NO NFA or SEC fees.

Because currencies trade over-the-counter (OTC), via a global electronic network, in FOREX, what you see on your trading screen, is what you get, allowing you to make quick decisions on your trades without having to worry or account for fees that may affect your profit/loss or slippage.

In the equity and commodity markets, you must pay both a commission and exchange fees. The over-the-counter structure of the FX market eliminates exchange and clearing fees, lowering transaction costs.

8) HOW do Forex brokers make money if they don’t charge commissions?

Like all traded financial products, over-the-counter currency trading involves a bid/ask spread, representing the prices at which your counterpart is willing to trade. Your broker will receive a part of this bid/ask spread.

Because the currency market offers round-the-clock liquidity, you receive tight, competitive spreads both intra-day and night. Stock traders can be more vulnerable to liquidity risk and typically receive wider trading spreads, especially during after-hours trading.

9) Market Transparency.

Market transparency is highly desired in any trading environment. The greater the market transparency, the more efficient the market becomes. Unlike other markets where transparency is compromised (like in the many recent scandals), FOREX markets are highly transparent (i.e., analyzing countries, and having access to real-time research/news, is easier than analyzing companies).

Because of this transparency, as an FX trader, you will apply risk management strategies by your fundamental and technical indicators.

10) Instantaneous Order Execution

The FX market offers the highest level of market transparency out of all the financial markets. Because of this, order execution and fill confirmation usually occur in just 1-2 seconds.

In Forex, order execution is all-electronic, and because you’ll be trading via an Internet-based platform, instantaneous execution is routine.

There are no exchanges, no traditional open-outcry pits, no floor brokers, and no delays. ( will be continued )

How Currencies are Quoted

The amount of money you need to place a trade (known as “margin”) is all that can be lost!

You know that despite the super-high leverage offered by some Forex brokers up to (400:1), meaning if you put up $ 1000, the broker will allow you to trade like you really have $400.000).

Forex trading is still less risky than Stock or Futures Trading, where you can lose more than you have deposited in your account.

This type of LEVERAGE does NOT EXIST in the equities or futures market

In the Equities or Futures markets, sudden and dramatic moves occur very often, against which you can’t protect yourself, even by having placed your protective stops.

Your position may be liquidated at a loss, and you’ll be liable for any resulting deficit in the account.

But because of the FX market’s deep liquidity and 24-hour, continuous trading, dangerous trading gaps and limit moves are almost eliminated.

Orders are executed quickly, without slippage or partial fills. And finally, there are no margin calls. For your protection, the broker will automatically close out some or all of your open positions if your account equity falls below the level required to hold the positions.

Think of this as a final, automatic stop, always working on your behalf to prevent a debit balance.

Currencies are traded in dollar amounts called “ LOTS.”

In Forex trading, with most Brokers, you have the choice between 2 different lot sizes.

Standard Lots or Mini Lots.

One Standard lot is equal to $100,000 in currency. The margin requirements, using a 400:1 Leverage, would be US$ 250; in other words, you control $100,000 worth of currency for only 250 US dollars.

Do you mean depositing $250 with a broker? I could trade 100,000$ worth of currency ???

NO, be aware that your account size has to be more than the required margin of US 250. For example, if you place an order to buy 1 Standard lot ( @100,000) of USD/JPY and USD/JPY is quoted as 112.10/112.13, you buy USD/JPY at 112.13.

Your account balance would be $220 because you paid 3 pips or $ 30 for this trade.

If you would close this trade immediately, you have to sell it at 112.10 (the bid price) for a loss of $ 30.

In fact, you could not get executed on this trade, as the brokers trading platform would reject your order for the reason of having insufficient funds in your account).

So, your account balance has to be a minimum of $280. $250 for margin and $30 for the trade.

BUT…IF, after you have initiated the trade to buy USD/JPY at 112.13, and the USD/JPY falls the next second 1 pip ( approx. $8), your position would be closed automatically because of a margin deficit.

I will explain later about having an adequate account size to trade the Forex Market.

Currencies are always traded in pairs in FOREX. The pairs have a unique notation that expresses what currencies are being traded.

The symbol for a currency pair will always be in the form ABC/DEF. ABC/DEF is not a real currency pair; it is an example of a symbol for a currency pair. In this example, ABC is the symbol for one country’s currency, and DEF is the symbol for another country’s currency.

Some of the most common symbols used in Forex are:

USD – The US Dollar
EUR – The currency of the European Union “EURO.”
GBP – The British Pound or cable
JPY – The Japanese Yen
CHF – The Swiss Franc
AUD – The Australian Dollar
CAD – The Canadian Dollar

There are symbols for other currencies as well, but these are the most commonly traded ones.

A currency can never be traded by itself. So you can not ever trade the USD by itself. You always need to BUY one currency and SELL another currency to make a trade possible.

Some of the most traded currency pairs are:

EUR/USD Euro against US Dollar

USD/JPY US Dollar against Japanese Yen

GBP/USD British Pound against US Dollar

USD/CAD US Dollar against Canadian Dollar

AUD/USD Australian Dollar against US Dollar

USD/CHF US Dollar against Swiss Franc

EUR/JPY Euro against Japanese Yen

The currency left of the / is called the base currency.

The currency right of the / is called the counter currency.

When you place an order to buy the EUR/USD, you actually buy the EUR and sell the USD.

If you were to sell the pair, you would be selling the EUR and buying the USD. So if you buy or sell a currency PAIR, you are buying/selling the base currency.

The best way to remember is by just thinking of the entire currency pair as one item.

If you buy it…you buy the first currency and sell the second currency. If you sell it…you sell the first currency and buy the second currency.

That means you would be able to short-sell with no restrictions so you could make money when the market drops as well as when it rises.

The problem with the traditional stock market or commodity trading is that the market has to go up for you to make money. With FOREX trading, you can make money in all directions.

HOW TO READ FOREX PRICE CHART

Important many facts as discipline, trading rules, not being greedy, etc., but one of the most important things is LEARN to read the charts as charts represent the lifeblood of the market.

I admit that reading charts, and interpreting patterns, are more an art than a skill. Base and apply your entry and exit decisions on YOUR OWN combined methods of technical and fundamental analysis.

FOREX charts are easier to interpret and use. They reflect a slower moving, stable economy of a country than the stock market, with its daily drama of company reports, Wall Street Analysts, and shareholder demands.

Unlike stocks, currency charts do not spend much time trading ranges and tend to develop strong trends. Furthermore, with its 4 Mayor currencies, Forex is easier to analyze than tens of thousands of stocks.

(Mayor currencies are: USD/JPY, EUR/USD, GBP/USD, and USD/CHF)

The complimentary FREE live charting software, with the ultimate cutting edge technology provided by http://www.fenixcapitalmanagement.com/, will be absolutely sufficient for you to analyze and watch any one currency pair. Understanding just a few basic points about the technical analysis of currency charts can increase profit potential.

Pricing – Price reflects the perceptions and actions taken by the market participants. The dealing between buyers and sellers in the Over-The-Counter (OTC) or “interbank” market creates price movement. Therefore, all fundamental factors are quickly discounted in price. By studying the price charts, you indirectly see the fundamental and market psychology all at once, after all the market is fed by two emotions – Greed and Fear – and once you understand that, then you begin to understand the psychology of the market and how it relates to the chart patterns.

Data Window Chart – FCM and most online charting stations, when you click on a price bar or candlestick, it will display a small box of data usually called a display window which will contain the following items:

H = Highest Price
L = Lowest Price
O = Opening Price
C = Close Price (or Last Price)

The most common types of price bars used in FOREX trading are the Bar Chart and the Candlestick chart:

Bars Charts –

Price bars are a linear representation (a line) of a period of time. This enables the viewer to see a graphic representation summarizing the activity of a specific time frame. For example, I use 10 minutes, 60 minutes, and daily time intervals for my systems. Each bar has similar characteristics and tells the viewer several important pieces of information.

First, the highest point of the bar represents the highest price that you achieved during that time period. The lowest point of the bar represents the lowest price during the same period. Regular bars display a small dot on the left side of the bar, which represents the period’s opening price, and the small dot on the right side represents the closing price of the period.

Candlesticks – Japanese Candlesticks, or simply Candlesticks as they are now known, represent the same information as Price bars. The only difference is that the difference between the open and close form the body of a box displayed with a color inside. A red color means that the close was lower than the open, and the blue color represents that the close was higher than the open.

If the box has a line going up from the box, it represents the high and is called the wick. If the box has a line going down from the box, it represents the low and is called the tail.

You can make many interpretations from these “candlesticks,” and many books have been written on the art of interpreting these bars.

Chart Intervals & Time Frames:

A chart Time Scale & Period, or time frame, basically refers to the duration of time between the OPEN and the CLOSE of a bar or candlestick.

For instance, with your broker software, you will be able to view a currency pair in a 1-hour time frame over a 2-day period, 5-day period, 10-day period, 20-day period, and 30- day period.

Most of the short-term time intervals (5-min and 1-min charts) are used for entry and exit points, and the longer-term time intervals (1-hour and daily charts) are used to see where the general trend is.

HOW TO predict the Future?

The traders who don’t believe this obviously do not need to implement a trading methodology on technical analysis. But, research has shown that those who trade “with the trend” greatly improve their chances of making a profitable trade.

by studying the Past (Technical Analysis):

1) The best traders don’t discount one or the other but understand that how the fundamentals influence market sentiment gives him/her an edge over those traders who don’t.

2) In my opinion, TECHNICAL analysis is the easiest and most accurate way of trading the FOREX market.

3) “The numbers don’t lie” – all available information and its impact on the market are already reflected in a currency’s price.

4) Prices move in trends – the foreign exchange market is mostly composed of trends and, therefore, a place where technical analysis can be very effective.

5) History repeats itself – over time, certain chart patterns become consistent, predictable, and very reliable. The question is SEEING them.

PRICES MOVE IN TRENDS

Finding the prevailing trend will help you realize the overall market direction and offer you better visibility, especially when shorter-term movements tend to clutter the picture.

HOW does technical analysis help determine the trend and HOW to trade with then trend versus against it?

Even though you learn how to use and read various technical indicators to identify a long-term trend, spot predictable chart patterns, and use certain rules to enter and exit a high-probability trade, and even though all this involves sound logic, parameters, methods, formulas, data, and research, these technical indicators, by themselves, are not the Holy Grail of FOREX trading.

It takes discipline and emotional control to stick with trading, following through the inevitable market ups and downs. Keep in mind; good technical traders expect ups and downs.

Which technical indicators are the BEST?

NONE – technical indicators should be components of your overall customized, personalized trading system and not a stand-alone system.
The objectives as a FOREX Technical Trader are:

1) To figure out the price action of the currency pair. Price is the main concern. If the EUR/USD is at 1.2224 and goes to 1.2020, 1.1980, 1.1940- the market is a downtrend.

Despite what every technical indicator might predict, if the trend is down, stay with the trend. Indicators showing where the price will go next or what it should be doing are useless.

A trader should only be concerned with what the market is doing, not what the market might do. The price tells you what the market is doing.

2) Always remember that technical indicators only give you confirmations based on what the market is telling you. So listen to the market and let it tell you which method, strategy, or techniques you should use.

HOW DO Economic Events impact Global Currencies

When I asked several traders about their thoughts about using fundamental analysis as a part of their trading decisions, I have received two opposite responses.

RESPONSE of Trader A

Fundamentals that you read about are typically useless as the market has already discounted the price. I am looking at (1) the long-term trend, (2) the current chart pattern, and (3) identifying a good entry point to buy or to sell.

RESPONSE of Trader B

I almost always trade on a market view. I don’t trade simply on technical information alone. I use technical analysis, and it is terrific, but I can’t initiate or hold a position unless I understand why the market should move.

There is a great deal of hype attached to technical analysis by some technicians who claim that it predicts the future.

Technical analysis tracks the past; it does not predict the future. You have to use your own intelligence to conclude what the past activity of some traders says about the future activity of other traders.

For me, technical analysis is like a thermometer.

Fundamentalists who say they will not pay any attention to the charts are like a doctor who says he’s not going to take a patient’s temperature. If you want to be a successful trader in the market, you always want to know where the market is- up – down- trending or choppy. You want to know everything you can about the market to give you an edge.

The technical analysis reflects the vote of the entire marketplace and, therefore, does pick up unusual behavior. By definition, anything that creates a new chart pattern is something unusual.

It is essential to study the details of price action to see and observe. Studying the charts is absolutely crucial and alerts to existing disequilibrium and potential changes.

For forex traders, the fundamentals are everything that makes a country tick.

The release of economic & inflation indicators (i.e., consumer spending, employment cost index, government spending, producer price index, etc.), political actors, government policy, or an individual event can set the market in a frenzy. These have to be considered when making the decision “ to trade or not to trade.”

Technical analysis is a way of using historical price data in different ways to predict the future price of a currency pair.

Fundamental analysis is an effective way to forecast economic conditions, but not necessarily exact market prices, and you SHOULD trade in agreement with the supporting technical indicators.

Foreign exchange traders emphasize technical analysis because traders around the world use similar charts and tools in predicting market trends.

The FOREX market can be so predictable that if the majority are using the same graph for determining patterns and trends, it is highly likely that they will act similarly.

So several thousand traders who have all charted the same resistance line, for example, will most likely either set their trades and direction conform to that line.

When fundamental data is made available to the public, there is a reaction from investors and speculators.

Information in the form of news and economic indicators is vaguer than that of technical indicators. There is a lot of a gray area in this type of analysis. The market will ultimately react to how people think the economic data compares to the current market situation.

Economic indicators usually reveal information that “Should cause a currency to go up in price” or “May cause a currency to go down.” The words “SHOULD” & “MAY” in the quotes above reveal the ambiguity of the fundamental data.

Here is an example of what analyzing fundamental data is like. Let’s suppose there are six economic indicators (there are a lot more).

Let’s call our six indicators 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. Now we wait for the data from our indicators to be published in a financial magazine or at an online source. We get the readings for our economic data for the EURO as following:

Indicator 1: is in a range where the Euro may go up
Indicator 2: is in a range where the Euro should go up
Indicator 3: is in a range where the Euro could go down
Indicator 4: is in a range where the Euro usually goes down
Indicator 5: is in a range where the Euro could go up
Indicator 6: is in a range where the Euro may go down

By looking at the above indicators, you don’t know what the Euro is going to do. Furthermore, currencies are always traded in pairs. So you would have to get the fundamental data for another currency pair and compare it with the EURO. I think you can imagine that this is not a simple task.

I do not want to discourage you away from fundamental data. The best way to learn is to learn about one piece of economic data at a time. Eventually, you will build a puzzle from all of the fundamental and technical data and make more informed trading decisions.

 

How To Trade Forex For Beginners

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How To Trade Forex For Beginners

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